Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code: About

Omnibus rules and regulations is a compilation of implementing rules and regulations after the passage of the Labor Code.

1. Concept

Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code (“the Omnibus Rules”) – refers to the then all-encompassing rules and regulations implementing Presidential Decree No. 442 or the Labor Code.

a. P.D. 442 and the Omnibus Rules

The Omnibus Rules, as the word omnibus suggests, was intended to a compilation of rules and regulations to implement the Labor Code after it took effect on May 1, 1974.

For every book, title, and chapter of the Labor Code, there were equivalent implementing rules or regulations to serve as further guidelines or interpretation of the legal provisions. Thus, the Omnibus Rules is a compilation of these various Labor Code rules and regulations.

2. Active and inactive parts

Since its issuance, the Omnibus Rules have undergone various amendments, repeals, modifications, and have been superseded by subsequent DOLE Regulations.

b. Status: active (certain parts)

Certain parts of the Omnibus Rules are still active as evidenced by the Supreme Court directly quoting applicable provisions therein to resolve labor law cases. These include rules and regulations relating to labor standards or legally mandated benefits (e.g. holiday pay, overtime pay, premium pay, etc.), just causes and authorized causes, due process, as well as different kinds of employment contracts to collective bargaining agreements, to name a few.

c. Inactive parts

The Omnibus Rules have several parts which have already been repealed, modified, or superseded by subsequent issuances by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) through the years through DOLE Regulations.

3. Updated Omnibus Rules

There is no known publicly available version of an updated Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code, after being amended by subsequent DOLE Regulations. Instead, there are various DOLE issuances which usually provide for repeal, amendatory, or supersede clauses in case of conflicting provisions.

/Updated: August 18, 2023

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