Rank-and-File Employees

1. Summary

▪ Rank-and-file employees are those who are not managerial employees nor supervisory employees.

2. Concept

“Managerial employee” is one who is vested with the powers or prerogatives to lay down and execute management policies and/or to hire, transfer, suspend, lay-off, recall, discharge, assign or discipline employees. Supervisory employees are those who, in the interest of the employer, effectively recommend such managerial actions if the exercise of such authority is not merely routinary or clerical in nature but requires the use of independent judgment. All employees not falling within any of the above definitions are considered rank-and-file employees for purposes of this Book. (Section [m], Article 219[212], Labor Code; Section [o], Rule I, Book V, Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code)



P.D. 442, Labor Code of the Philippines

Book V, Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code

Related content

Table of Contents


Management Prerogative, Labor Relations

Unfair labor practices

1. Summary ▪ Unfair labor practices are specific offenses against the right to self-organization of workers or employees. ▪ There

Due Process, Post-Employment


Summary ▪ Resignation is a voluntary act on the employees wanting to terminate their employment. ▪ Employees are required to

woman with hands on her face in front of a laptop


Redundancy – refers to “the condition when the services of an employee are in excess of what is reasonably demanded

Just Causes

Summary ▪ Just causes are grounds for termination of employment due to employee violations. ▪ The employer is justified dismissing

General Labor Standards, Working Conditions

Field Personnel

1. Summary ▪ Field personnel refers to non-agricultural employees who regularly perform their duties away from the principal place of

Rotation of Workers

Summary ▪ Rotation of Workers refers to one where the employees are rotated or alternately provided work within the workweek.

man sitting in front of computer

Kasambahay or Domestic Worker

1. Summary ▪ Domestic worker or “Kasambahay” refers to any person engaged in domestic work within an employment relationship. 2.

error: Content is protected.