Redundancy – refers to “the condition when the services of an employee are in excess of what is reasonably demanded by the actual requirements of the enterprise or superfluous.” (Section 4 [q], Rule I-A, DOLE D.O. 147-15)

DOLE D.O. 147-15 provides for the standards to be complied with for a valid separation of employment by the employee:

1) There must be superfluous positions or services of employees;

2) The positions or services are in excess of what is reasonably demanded by the actual requirements of the enterprise to operate in an economical and efficient manner;

3) There must be good faith in abolishing redundant positions;

4) There must be fair and reasonable criteria in selecting the employees to be terminated; and,

5) There must be an adequate proof of redundancy such as but not limited to the new staffing pattern, feasibility studies/proposal, on the viability of the newly created positions, job description and the approval by the management of the restructuring. (Section 5.4.[b], Rule I-A, Ibid.)