National Labor Relations Commission


▪ The National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) has original and exclusive jurisdiction of certain labor cases.

▪ There are requirements to perfect an NLC appeal.

1. Concept

The NLRC is “is a quasi-judicial body tasked to promote and maintain industrial peace by resolving labor and management disputes involving both local and overseas workers through compulsory arbitration and alternative modes of dispute resolution. It is attached to the Department of Labor and Employment for program and policy coordination.” (Mandate of the NLRC, About Us Page, NLRC Official Website)

2. NLRC Jurisdiction

a. Original and exclusive jurisdiction of the NLRC

The NLRC has original and exclusive jurisdiction for the following cases:

1) Certified cases for compulsory arbitration – in relation to DOLE Secretary’s assumption of jurisdiction (Article 278 [263] (g), Labor Code);

2) Extraordinary remedies via a verified petition to annul or modify the order or resolution of the Labor Arbiter (Section 1, Rule XII, 2011 NLRC Rules of Procedure, as amended);

3) Petition for Injunction in labor cases (Article 225 [218] (e), Labor Code); and,

4) Contempt cases. (Article 225 [218] (d), Ibid.)

b. Exclusive appellate jurisdiction of the NLRC

The NLRC has exclusive appellate jurisdiction for the following cases:

1) Cases on monetary claims resolved/decided by the DOLE Regional Director, except those arising from the visitorial and enforcement powers of the...


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