Technical rules of procedure


▪ Technical rules of procedure are not binding in labor cases.

1. Concept

The rules of procedure and evidence prevailing in courts of law and equity shall not be controlling and the Commission shall use every and all reasonable means to ascertain the facts in each case speedily and objectively,  without regard to technicalities of law or procedure, all in the interest of due process. (Section 10, Rule VII, 2011 NLRC Rules of Procedure)

In labor cases, rules of procedure should not be applied in a very rigid and technical sense. They are merely tools designed to facilitate the attainment of justice, and where their strict application would result in the frustration rather than promotion of substantial justice, technicalities must be avoided. Technicalities should not be permitted to stand in the way of equitably and completely resolving the rights and obligations of the parties. Where the ends of substantial justice shall be better served, the application of technical rules of procedure may be relaxed. (Millennium Erectors Corporation v. Magallanes, G.R. No. 184362, 15 November 2010)

Administrative bodies like the NLRC are not bound by the technical niceties of law and procedure and the rules obtaining in courts of law. Indeed, the Revised Rules of Court and prevailing jurisprudence may be given only stringent application, i.e., by analogy or in a suppletory character and effect. The submission by [a party], citing People v. Sorrel, that an affidav...


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