With the rising prices of gas and the still ongoing pandemic, there is clamor from many sectors for the adoption of a 4-day workweek – to which even the DOLE has reiterated the rule that such is a management prerogative.
1. Concept of a 4-day workweek
A 4-day workweek is what it suggests – i.e. a workweek composed of four days only.
Please note that this 4-day workweek is actually a form of compressed workweek, wherein workhours for other days are transferred to other days resulting in a workday with more than eight (8) hours without the corresponding overtime pay since workhours were simply transferred. Also, do note that the limitation is that a workday should not exceed twelve (12) hours.
For more info, see: Compressed Workweek.
Before discussing any further, it is crucial first to remember the distinction of a workweek in the private sector and in the government service as they are not the same.
a. 48-hour workweek in the private sector
Under the Labor Code, the prescribed workweek is 48 hours – that translates to a 6-day workweek at 8 hours per day. Of course, this 48-hour workweek applies only to covered employees such as rank-and-file employee, and thus exclude non-covered employees such as managerial employees and managerial staff.
b. 40-hour workweek in the government service
Under the Civil Service Law, the prescribed workweek is 40 hours – that translates to a 5-day workweek at 8 hours per day.
2. Private sector
In the private sect...
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