Minors – refer to individuals who are below legal age.

1. Concepts

“Child” or “Children” refers to person below eighteen (18) years of age or those over but are unable to fully take care of themselves or protect themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination because of a physical or mental disability or condition. (Section 3[a], R.A. 7610, as amended)

“Child abuse” refers to the maltreatment, whether habitual or not, of the child which includes any of the following:

1) Psychological and physical abuse, neglect, cruelty, sexual abuse and emotional maltreatment;

2) Any act by deeds or words which debases, degrades or demeans the intrinsic worth and dignity of a child as a human being;

3) Unreasonable deprivation of his basic needs for survival, such as food and shelter; or

4) Failure to immediately give medical treatment to an injured child resulting in serious impairment of his growth and development or in his permanent incapacity or death. (Section 3[b], Ibid.)

“Circumstances which gravely threaten or endanger the survival and normal development of children” include, but are not limited to, the following;

1) Being in a community where there is armed conflict or being affected by armed conflict-related activities;

2) Working under conditions hazardous to life, safety and normal which unduly interfere with their normal development;

3) Living in or fending for themselves in the streets of urban or rural areas without the...


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