Bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ)

1. Concept Employment in particular jobs may not be limited to persons of a particular sex, religion, or national origin unless the employer can show that sex, religion, or national origin is an actual qualification for performing the job. The qualification is called a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ). (Yrasuegi v. Philippine Airlines, Inc., G.R. […]

Working conditions

Working conditions refer to the environment and terms/conditions of employment. 1. Coverage The provisions of [herein] shall apply to employees (“covered employees”) in all establishments and undertakings whether for profit or not, but not to government employees, managerial employees, field personnel, members of the family of the employer who are dependent on him for support, […]

Primer: Safe Spaces Act

Summary Gender-based sexual harassment in the workplace involve unwelcome sexual advances, requests or demand for sexual favors or any act of sexual nature. The offender may be employers or other persons of authority, influence or moral ascendancy in a workplace. Employers who do not take action may be held liable. 1. Gender-based sexual harassment in […]

Primer: Anti-Sexual Harassment Act

Summary ▪ Sexual harassment may be committed in a work-related/employment environment or in an education/training environment. ▪ The offender may be one who has authority, influence or moral ascendancy over another. ▪ The offense is committed when there is a demand, request, or requirement for sexual favor from another, regardless of whether such is accepted […]

Telecommuting

1. Concept As used in R.A. 11165, the term “telecommuting” refers to a work from an alternative workplace with the use of telecommunications and/or computer technologies. (Section 3, R.A. 11165, Telecommuting Act) Telecommuting – refers to a work arrangement that allows an employee in the private sector to work from an alternative workplace with the […]

Broken-Time

Summary ▪ Broken-time schedule refers to one where the work schedule is not continuous but the work-hours within the day or week remain. ▪ The employer shall notify DOLE of the adoption of such flexible work arrangement. 1. Concept Broken-time schedule – refers to one where the work schedule is not continuous but the work-hours […]

Gliding or Flex-Time Schedule

Summary ▪ Gliding or flexi-time schedule refers to one where the employees are required to complete the core workhours in the establishment but are free to determine their arrival and departure time. ▪ The employer shall notify DOLE of the adoption of such flexible work arrangement. 1. Concept “Gliding or flexi-time schedule refers to one […]

Flexi-holidays

Summary ▪ Flexi-holidays schedule refers to one where the employees agree to avail the holidays at some other days provided there is no diminution of existing benefits as a result of such arrangement. ▪ The employer shall notify DOLE of the adoption of such flexible work arrangement. 1. Concept Flexi-holidays schedule refers to one where […]

Rotation of Workdays

Summary ▪ Rotation of Workdays refers to one where the normal workdays per week are reduced but should not last for more than six months. ▪ The employer shall notify DOLE of the adoption of such flexible work arrangement. 1. Concept Rotation of Workdays refers to one where the normal workdays per week are reduced […]

Rotation of Workers

Summary ▪ Rotation of Workers refers to one where the employees are rotated or alternately provided work within the workweek. ▪ The employer shall notify DOLE of the adoption of such flexible work arrangement. 1. Concept Rotation of Workers refers to one where the employees are rotated or alternately provided work within the workweek. (Paragraph […]